An adult bed bug, close view.

Bed bugs are a wingless, parasitic insect no longer than 5mm (millimeters) in size as adults. They vary in color, with babies (nymphs) being a clear transparent colors with adults ranging in color from brown to a brownish red or orange, similar to cockroaches. Bed bugs are very flat when not engorged with blood, we have observed them being nearly as flat as one piece of notebook paper. This allows the bed bug to hide in virtually any crack or crevice in any structure or item – most commonly beds and bed frames where they have immediate and quick access to a sleeping host. Contrary to popular belief (the popular saying “Sleep tight, don’t let the bed bugs bite” has something to do with this), bed bugs are not nocturnal insects, as they have been observed to be feeding at all times of the day. Bed bugs can hide anywhere in your place of residence, most commonly they are found under baseboards, in bed frames and headboards, on carpets, tables and other furniture like couches and chairs and in cluttered homes. Again, they can hide virtually anywhere.

A bed bug favorite for hiding spots

Bed bugs use two long and hollow feeding tubes to extract blood for feeding. During feeding, bed bugs inject a anti-coagulant so that the blood is openly accessible for their feeding (coagulation is a medical term for your blood clotting, anti-coagulant would be something that causes the cessation of coagulating).

A bed bug nymph becomes engorged with blood during feeding

Bed bug nymphs (babies) are roughly ¼ the size of an adult bed bug and are a clear, transparent color. They travel just as quickly as their adult counterparts and their bites create similar if not identical reactions in humans in terms of amount of itch and size of welt/swelling. Once bed bugs feed, their bodies become engorged with blood and after feeding for approximately 3 to 10 minutes (depending on size of the bed bug), will retreat to a hiding place to digest their meal. Bed bugs can go for over a year without feeding to live, making any kinds of efforts to deprive them of meals an obsolete strategy. Bed bugs are attracted to carbon dioxide, the bi-product of human exhalation – which is why most bites occur when a victim is in their sleep, when they are most vulnerable.

The Characteristics of Bed Bugs:

Bed bugs are small, reddish-brown, flattened, oval, and non-flying insects. They have tiny hairs that give them a banded appearance. An adult bed bug can reach 4–5 mm in length and 1.5–3 mm wide. While newly- hatched nymphs (juveniles) – as small as 1.5 mm – are clear in color, transparent, and become browner when they moult and mature. The different specifies of bed bugs, and depending on what they feed, its life span. A bed bug can live up to a year with only one feeding! Amazingly, there are exceptionally resistant bed bugs that have prolonged existence and an intense capability to survive very cold and hot weather conditions. They grow and reproduce rapidly! By all means, inquire for an effective solution to the problem immediately. HeatCast is always here to assist you resolve and eliminate the bed bugs infestation problem!