What is a bed bug rash?
A bed bug rash is a combination of swelling and itching sensation, which is normally red. These are tiny red bumps often seen in a row and are slightly raised. The rash is seen on the areas that have maximum exposure – legs, face, back and the arms. The rash can also be present on other parts of the body as well. If a rash is left untreated, it leads to other skin infections. The chances are higher when the patient scratches the surface of the rash. This leads to other severe health conditions. Immediate medical attention is required if an individual is too allergic to a bed bug rash. Few studies indicate that a bed bug bite contributes to diseases such as anthrax, plague, yellow fever and tularemia. However, there is no concrete evidence to testify that bed bug bites are actually agents of these diseases.
Causes for a bed bug rash
As the name suggests, a bed bug bite causes a bed bug rash. When the bed bug attacks the victim for a blood meal, it uses its two sharp beaks into the skin of the victim. The bed bug uses one of its beaks to inject saliva into the site, while, it uses the other beak to suck the blood. The saliva prevents the human blood from coagulating as well as numbs the skin for a short while. Once the feed is completed, saliva injected into the body triggers numerous allergic reactions, including the red swelling of the skin. It also causes itching sensation on the skin. Severe itching can make the individual to scratch the surface of the bite, which breaks open the wound and harbors various skin ailments.
Treating a bed bug rash
Though a bug bite rash does not have detrimental effects on the health, it is quite important to treat the bed bug rash on time. A bed bug bite takes up to 2-3 days to heal on its own, if the bite is left unscratched. The healing time is quite dependent on the immune system of the individual. A scratch leads to a scar that requires a long time (few days to weeks) to disappear. There are few over-the-counter medicines as well as natural remedies / medicines are available that has healing effect on the wound/rash.
Topical creams and lotions containing Dephendrydramine and Pramoxine reduce the itchiness and inflammation. These steroids are applied locally on the skin to alleviate the bug bite symptom. Antihistamines also relieve itching sensation.
Cleaning the infected area with warm water, antibacterial soap, paste of baking soda and salt, powdered oatmeal, lemon juice and witch hazel are some of the natural remedies to treat a bed bug bite rash.
The victim must consider seeking urgent attention if the patient has symptoms of systemic allergic reactions disturbing the whole body. The health care provider will assess the condition after seeking few tests. Appropriate treatment is prescribed after confirming the severity of the condition.