significant aspect in treating the site against a bedbug infestation. One of the important factors that has led to the wide spread of bedbugs is lack of public awareness.  Bed bugs are nocturnal pests, and often go unnoticed for several months. In the meanwhile, the colony of bed bugs multiples rapidly into an infestation. With a number of hiding places, bed bugs pose a challenge to treat bed bugs effectively in one single treatment.  Few precautions and do-it-yourself measures help in detecting the bed bugs at an early stage.

Self-Examination

Look for skin rashes on the body. Bed bug bites in a linear fashion or in clusters. This forms a group of itchy and swollen red welts.  However, not all bug bites, should be presumed to be a bed bug bite.  Even visiting the doctor may not be fruitful, since medical professionals may not be able to provide a firm diagnosis of the cause of the bite. If the bites seem to appear every night, then there are high chances of a bed bug infestation.

How to look for bed bugs?

Bed bugs are small insects and are hardly visible to the naked eye. It will therefore be necessary to use a magnifying glass as well as a powerful LED torchlight to examine and identify the bed bugs. Check for the physical features of a bedbug, such as, size, color, legs and eyes. Apart from these, check for other signs to indicate its presence. Blood or fecal spots on the bed or bed linen, eggs, eggshells, molt skin and live bed bugs. Make the process of inspection easier by removing all the clutter from the rooms. Try to dismantle all the wooden furniture if possible to identify the hiding spots of the bedbugs. Flash the torch light on the mattress to check for infestation. Bed bugs are evasive critters that are usually present in the dark corners. Be proactive and make a thorough search in all the hiding spots.

Where to find the bed bugs?

Bed bugs are prone to stay very close to its host, which is the sleeping and the living areas, where it has easy access to the warm blood. Hence, it is necessary to primary check the bedding, mattress, and sofa for the bedbugs.

Bedroom: Check the mattress along the seams, ceiling wall junctions, baseboard, behind headboard, clothes, for fecal spots, cast skins, live and bed bug eggs. Box springs, bed frames, railings, supports, behind curtains, sheets, quilts, curtain rods, bedside table, mirrors, window casing, drawers, storage units, wall hangings, wooden furniture is some of the other harborages of a bed bug aggregation.

Living Room: Bed bugs are present in upholstered furniture, cushions, wood furniture, electrical outlets, appliances, carpets, alarm clock, picture, nightstands, lampshades, frames, behind loose wallpapers, chipped paint on the wall, cracks, crevices and joints of the wall.

Bed bugs often travel freely across the rooms. Inspect other rooms to check for bed bug infestation, if any.

How to check for bed bugs:

Bed bugs are on the rise and it’s important to know how to check your home, hotel room or even the local movie theater for bed bugs. Bed bugs are primarily spread by latching onto clothing, bedding, suitcases and other items that you may take home with you. With that said, it’s crucial that you always check for bed bugs when traveling and also check your home for bed bugs frequently to eliminate bed bugs before they get out of control.

Know Where to Look For Bed Bugs

Bed bugs are creatures of the night and tend to hide in small cracks and crevices during the day, essentially laying dormant until nighttime.  Bed bugs are very small (about 1/10th the size of a dime) but they ARE visible to the naked eye.

  1. The most common hiding spot for bed bugs are in the seams of your mattress. Make it a priority to check your mattress (and box spring) thoroughly at least once a month.
  2. Bed bugs also like to hide in and around baseboards. If you spot any dark matter (kind of looks like mold) it could be bed bug feces and you may need to pry your baseboard up to check for bed bugs.
  3. Picture frames are also another common hiding spot for bed bugs. If you have any pictures in your bedroom be sure to lift the picture off the wall and look for any signs of bed bugs.
  4. When traveling, always check your hotel for bed bugs before you throw your clothes or your coat on the bed or on the floor or chairs. The best way to prevent bed bugs is to not bring them home in the first place.
  5. Bed bugs can survive without feeding for 6 months to a year so make sure you are thorough when you do a search for bed bugs.
  6. Bed bugs also like to hide in clothing or thick carpets – it can be hard to sift through a whole carpet for bed bugs, but it can be worth your while.
  7. Bed bug traps can lure bed bugs during the night and provide solid proof of bed bugs – you can read how to make a cheap bed bug trap for under $15.

Know What Signs of Bed Bugs To Look For

Even if you do a thorough search of your entire home for bed bugs – if you don’t know what signs to look for, you’re not going to find any solid proof of bed bugs.

  1. Dark red spotting on your sheets or mattress. Frequently bed bugs will get squished or rupture on your bed and leave small, but dark stains on your bedding. This is usually a sure sign you have bed bugs.
  2. Dark bed bug feces and bed bug fecal matter. Bed bugs poop and they leave behind dark fecal matter (dark brown or red). Many times with a bed bug infestation you will find dark fecal matter on your bedding and/or in the seams of your mattress.
  3. Waking up with small bug bites. The most common (and most annoying) sign of bed bugs is waking up with red, swollen and itchy bed bug bites. If you frequently wake up with itchy bug bites you may want to check your bedroom for bed bugs.
  4. Neighbors complaining of bed bugs. If you live in an apartment complex bed bugs can frequently migrate from one apartment to another. If your neighbors are complaining of bed bugs or even bug bites you may want to investigate any potential points of entry into your own apartment. Seal any small cracks or crevices and pay special attention to heating vent & electrical outlets.
  5. Bed bug feces often has a sweet smell. If your room smells sweet it is possible that the smell is coming from bed bugs.

Bed Bug Sniffing Dogs

Many pest control companies now have bed bug sniffing dogs that can identify even the smallest of bed bug infestations. You can expect to pay about $100 for a bed bug canine to sniff out your house for any signs of bed bugs. It may seem expensive but peace of mind can be worth it.